Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

  • Hybrid and Electric Vehicles: Principles, Applications, and Future Technologies

    Cost 10% Discount Digital Brochure
    Five-day program
    Individual Topics
    $600.00 / full day
    $350.00 / half day
    When you register five or more. Restrictions apply. Detailed information in a shareable format. download

    In this five-day short course you can learn research-based techniques to improve performance and reduce the cost of hybrid vehicles. It consists of six modules that can be taken as a whole or individually.

    The six modules are:

    • Model-Based Approach for Hybrid Vehicle Design and Analysis (7 hours)
    • Battery Fundamentals (7 hours)
    • Battery Management Systems for Electric Drive Vehicles (3.5 hours)
    • Power Electronics for Electric Drive Vehicles (7 hours)
    • Off-road HEV, Hydraulic Hybrid, and Non-Automotive Applications; Military Applications of HEV; Diagnostics, Prognostics, Reliability, and NVH of HEV (3.5 hours)
    • EMC of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (7 hours)
  • Modules

    Module 1: Model-Based Approach for Hybrid Vehicle Design and Analysis

    Professor Huei Peng, University of Michigan
    Duration: 7 hours

    Introduction and Background
    • Main hybrid architectures
    • Current status—technology and market
    • Key technologies and challenges for hybrids
    • Model based approach for hybrid vehicle integration
    Modeling of Hybrid Electric Vehicles
    • Vehicle modeling fundamentals: vehicle longitudinal dynamics
    • Torque converter and transmission
    • Driving cycles
    • Engine models
    • Traction and braking
    • Driver
    • Battery and electric drive
    Integration and Analysis of Hybrid Vehicles
    • Key control challenges
    • Rule-based
    • Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy (ECMS)
    • Dynamic programming
    • Performance analysis
    • Design case studies
    Modeling and Control of a Split Hybrid Electric Vehicle
    • Working principles of power split hybrids and why they dominate the market
    • Kinematic model
    • Torque and speed analysis
    • Dynamic model
    • Power management algorithm
    • Design case studies

    Module 2: Introduction to Electrical Energy Storage (or Battery Fundamentals)

    Professor Don Siegel, University of Michigan
    Duration: 7 hours

    The ability to efficiently store and discharge electrical energy is a critical requirement for the design of hybrid (HEV), plug-in (PHEV), and battery electric (BEV) vehicles. While the current generation of HEVs is largely based on lower-capacity nickel-metal hydride batteries, the push towards larger all-electric ranges in PHEV and BEV will see increasing use of advanced, high-capacity storage based on Li-ion batteries. This module will provide an overview of the fundamental operating principles of batteries from the perspective of automotive applications.

    Topics to be covered:

    I. Principles

    1. Introductory material
      • Simple electrochemical reactions
      • Voltage, capacity, and specific energy
      • Cycling behavior
      • Equivalent circuit description of a battery
      • Performance targets for automotive applications
    2. Key components of batteries and their properties
      • Anodes
      • Cathodes
      • Electrolytes
    3. Thermodynamics and kinetics of battery operation
      • Nernst equation
      • Discharge curves
      • Rate (power) performance

    II. Applications

    1. Overview of various battery chemistries
      • Lead acid
      • Nickel-metal hydride
      • Li-ion
    2. Li-ion batteries
      • Anodes, cathodes, and electrolytes
      • Capacity and discharge rate
    3. Models of battery operation
      • Estimating state of charge
      • Newman's model
    4. Degradation mechanisms in Li-ion batteries
      • Electrolyte stability windows
      • Solid electrolyte interphase layer

    III. Future Technologies

    1. Advanced batteries
      • Li-metal
      • Li-Sulfur
      • Metal-air
    2. Ultra-capacitors

    Module 3: Power Electronics for Electric Drive Vehicles

    Professor Chris Mi, University of Michigan
    Duration: 7 hours

    Power electronics is one of the key enabling technologies propelling the shift from conventional vehicles to electric drive vehicles (EDVs), including pure battery powered electric vehicle (BEV), hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and extended range EV (EREV). Of particular importance are the various power converters used in different electrified powertrains, such as rectifiers, unidirectional and bidirectional DC-DC converters, inverters, and battery chargers.

    In this seminar, we begin with an introduction to electric drive vehicles and the principle of power electronics followed by a thorough coverage of various converters. The unique aspects of power converters in EVs, HEVs, and PHEVs are addressed, including vehicle to grid technology and battery chargers.

    • Electrification of the Automobile
    • Introduction to Power Electronics
    • Modeling of Power Electronics
    • Rectifiers (AC-DC)
    • Unidirectional DC-DC Converters
    • Bidirectional DC-DC Converter
    • Power Electronics Building Blocks
    • Thermal Issues in Power Electronics
    • Hardware in the Loop
    • Isolated DC-DC Converter
    • Inverters
    • Introduction to Motor Drive
    • Battery Chargers
    • Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
    • Emerging and Future Technologies
    • Learning Assessment

    Module 4: Off-Road HEV, Hydraulic Hybrid, and Non-Automotive Applications; Military Applications of HEV; Diagnostics, Prognostics, Reliability, and NVH of NEV

    Abul Masrur
    Duration: 3.5 hours

    Diagnostics, Prognostics, Reliability, and NVH of HEV

    To give the attendee a broad perspective in various application areas, this module includes a reasonable amount of discussion on hybrid hydraulic vehicles and how they compare with their hybrid electric counterpart. This deviation from hybrid electric vehicles is important to note, due to the fact that under certain circumstances hybrid hydraulic vehicles could be better alternatives. Regenerative braking in hybrid hydraulic vehicles is discussed. One important area in hybrid electric vehicles is related to their off-road application, a topic which is generally not included in other HEV courses. Such application areas could include construction, mining, military, locomotives, ships, and aircrafts. A realistic viewpoint is exposed and it is indicated that all the above areas except airborne ones, are perhaps benefited by hybridization with currently available technology, which still has scope of improvement. Comparison of power and energy demand in different situations is included. Architectures, pictures, and certain specifications are included, which clearly give an idea of the typical situation involved.

    Off-Road HEV
    • Application areas
    • Architecture
    • Special issues - EMC, bearing current
    Hydraulic Versus Electric HV
    • Architecture
    • Merits and demerits
    Non-Automotive Applications
    • Electric or hybrid ships, aircrafts, locomotive
    • Feasibility
    Deployment Decision Making Process for HEV for Different Types of Vehicles
    • Vehicles which are most benefitted
    Military Applications of HEV

    Although it can be considered to be a part of off-road applications, military vehicles involve special situations, unlike civilian applications. Example is very high cost to carry fuel to the field of operation. Hence any fuel savings can highly impact the cost and agility of movement. Indirect benefit like using multiple vehicles to form part of a power grid is also indicated. Various vehicular architectures are discussed. It is indicated that series hybrid architecture is likely to be heavier than its parallel counterpart; hence this fact itself might also affect fuel economy to some extent. Hybridization can impact different vehicle platforms in different ways. A method of quantification leading to deployment decision, i.e. which vehicles could potentially be benefitted by hybridization, is provided. This mechanism of deployment decision indicated in the module is considered to be new for such situations, and takes a scientific viewpoint, instead of subjective type of decision process. Non-ground applications which can be benefitted through hybridization are discussed. These can include various applications like electromagnetic launcher, naval, certain small sized airborne vehicles, and also the dismounted soldier. Since military application requires ruggedization of various components, this module includes a discussion on that at the end.

    Military Applications
    • Benefits
    • Ground vehicle applications
    • Architecture - series, parallel, complex
    • Non-automotive applications in military
    • Ruggedness issues
    • Vehicles which are most benefitted
    Diagnostics, Prognostics, Reliability, and NVH of HEV

    Diagnostic and prognostics are important issues in any vehicle, since sooner or later any vehicle, whether conventional, hybrid, or pure electric, will have some sort of problem or failure, and it is important to find the causes and remedy them. Modern conventional automobiles have onboard diagnostic functions which can give some amount of diagnostics, but not prognostics. Diagnostics can be at several levels. These issues, along with on board diagnostics OBD II are discussed and related to HEV applications. Prognostics, i.e. issues involving prediction of a problem before it happens, are discussed. In connection with HEV or EV, components which impact the diagnostic and prognostic, e.g. battery, power electronics, and electric motor, are considered. Another important issue, system level reliability, which is not considered in HEV books in general, is included here in reasonable depth, and method for quantifying system level reliability is illustrated. Additional items of importance like EMC (Electro-Magnetic Compatibility) which can affect proper operation in HEV or EV is discussed. A brief discussion on noise and vibration related to integrity of HEV due to frequent stop and go and other reasons is also included. The module ends with a discussion of complete life cycle viewpoint of HEV or EV, and overall life cycle management.

    Diagnostics and Prognostics in HEV and EV
    • What is involved
    • System health quantification
    • Reliability of HEV
    • EMC issues
    • Noise vibration harshness issues (NVH) - Electromechanical and others
    • End of life issues

    Module 5: Battery Management Systems for Electric Drive Vehicles

    Professor Chris Mi, University of Michigan
    Duration: 3.5 hours

    At the present time, battery and battery associated electronics are the most expensive system in an EV/PHEV. This course covers the basics of a battery management system (BMS) and associated electronics for monitoring, control, and protection of batteries in EV and PHEV. The design of the BMS subunits, such as electronic control unit (ECU), cell monitors, cell balancers, and associated software will be discussed. The following contents are covered.

    1. Batteries for EV, HEV, and PHEV
    2. Functions of BMS
    3. Current, voltage, temperature monitoring circuit
    4. SOC calculation and calibration
    5. Cell balancing
    6. Battery sizing and pack design example
    7. Thermal management
    8. SOH - concepts, method, impedance measurements
    9. Power supply for BMS
    10. Battery chargers - contact, inductive, and wireless charger
    11. V2G scenarios and V2G charger
    12. Relay and contact control circuit
    13. Battery charge algorithms
    14. Battery safety
    15. Future Technologies in BMS

    Module 6: EMC System Engineering Approach to Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

    Adjunct Instructor James Muccioli
    Duration: 7 hours

    EMC System Engineering of a Vehicle Architecture
    • Bound system for EMC
    • Identify sources of requirements
    • Discover & understand requirements
    Challenges of Testing Battery Systems for Hybrid & Electric Vehicles
    • Test methodology using system engineering
    • Key changes in EMC test plan for System Under Test (SUT)
    • Requirements from EMC test lab for system level testing
    Grounding Principles for Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Systems
    • Single-point ground system
    • Multi-point ground system
    • Hybrid ground system
    • Considerations
      • Galvanic action
      • Galvanic series
    • Principles and theory
      • Shielding effectiveness
      • Absorption loss
      • Reflection loss
      • Apertures
    • Wiring harness and cabling
      • Electric field coupling
      • Magnetic field coupling
      • Configurations
    • Components and materials
      • Types
      • Evaluation
      • Applying and Integrating
    EMC System Engineering Verification and Validation Model
    • Create alternatives
    • Select best solution
    • Validate best solution
  • Instructors

    Abul Masrur, Ph.D.

    Adjunct Professor, University of Detroit Mercy

    Dr. Masrur has taught courses related to Advanced Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, Vehicular Power Systems, and Electric Drives and Power Electronics. He was with the Scientific Research Labs., Ford Motor Co.* between 1984 to April 2001 and was involved in research and development related to electric drives and power electronics, advanced automotive power system architectures, electric active suspension systems for automobiles, electric power assist steering, and stand-alone UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) protection design, among other things. Since April 2001, he has been with the US Army RDECOM-TARDEC (R&D)* where he has been involved in research related to hybrid electric vehicles, vehicular electric power system architecture concept design and development, electric power management, and artificial intelligence- based fault diagnostics in electric drives. He has over 70 publications, of which about 50 are in public domain international journals and conferences. Dr. Masrur also is the co-inventor in 8 US patents. He received the Best Automotive Electronics Paper Award from the IEEE Vehicular Technology Society, USA, in 1998 for his papers proposing novel vehicular power system architectures in the IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, and in 2006 he was a joint recipient of the SAE Environmental Excellence in Transportation Award - Education, Training, & Public Awareness (also known as E2T) for a tutorial course he has been teaching on hybrid vehicles along with other academic colleagues. Dr. Masrur is a Senior Member of the IEEE and from1999-2007 he served as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology. He served as Chair, Motor-Subcommittee of the IEEE PES-EMC (Power & Energy Society Electric Machinery Committee) for two years ending December 2010. Dr. Masrur also served as the Technical Program Chair of the IEMDC-2011 (International Electric Machines and Drives Conference).

    Dr. Masrur received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Texas A & M University. He also has B.Sc. and M.S. in Electrical Engineering, and M.S. in Computer Engineering.

    Chris Mi

    Chris Mi, Ph.D.

    Associate Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Michigan-Dearborn

    Dr. Mi's research interests include renewable and distributed energy systems; power electronics; electric and hybrid vehicles; plug-in HEV; electric power systems; speed-variable drives; permanent magnet machines; power systems; digital and analog electronics; finite element and analytical methods of electromagnetic fields; design, modeling, simulation, and optimization of electrical machines; and special electrical motors and generators for land, sea, air, and other industrial applications. He received his PhD degree from the University of Toronto.

    James P. Muccioli

    James P. Muccioli

    Jastech EMC Consultants, LLC

    Mr. Muccioli has extensive experience in EMC design, analysis, and testing. His background includes over twenty years of specialized EMC systems experience at X2Y Attenuators, DaimlerChrysler and United Technologies. He has co-authored numerous articles on integrated circuit emissions and was a contributing author for the Automotive Electronics Handbook (Ronald Jurgen, Editor-in Chief, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1995,1999). Mr. Muccioli has taught undergraduate courses and continuing education seminars at Lawrence Technological University and the University of Michigan. He is a certified EMC engineer through the National Association of Radio and Telecommunications Engineers and an active member of SAE J-1113 and J-551 EMC committees. He is also chairman of the SAE Integrated Circuit EMC Task Force. Mr. Muccioli is a member of the Board of Directors of the IEEE EMC Society (1993-1998; 2001-2003) and was selected as an IEEE Fellow in 1998 for contributions to integrated circuit design practices to minimize electromagnetic interference. Mr. Muccioli received his bachelor's and master's degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Michigan.

    >Huei Peng

    Huei Peng, Ph.D.

    Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan

    His research interests include modeling and control of hybrid vehicles, fuel cell vehicles and advanced power-train techniques. He has published more than 130 technical papers in referred journals and conferences in related fields. He is the Secretary and Executive Committee member of the ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Division. Dr. Peng is a 15 year member of SAE. He received his PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California and his MS in Mechanical Engineering from Pennsylvania State University.

    >Don Siegel

    Don Siegel, Ph.D.

    Assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Michigan.

    His research interests include development of high-capacity materials and systems for energy storage applications; computational materials science; nanoscale chemistry and its impact on the mechanical properties of materials; thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations; multi-scale modeling; integrated computational materials engineering.

    Prior to joining the U-M faculty, he was a scientist at Ford Motor Company where he led a team of professionals in the company's Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Storage Materials division. He received his PhD from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

  • Who Should Attend

    Engineers and managers who are involved in the design and development of hybrid vehicles, and/or their key components.

    Program Fee

    $2,495* Covers the Five-Day Program

    Fee includes tuition, instructional materials, continental breakfast, lunch and a coffee break each day. Fee is payable in advance.* Upon registration, you will receive email confirmation including directions to the program site and recommended lodging.

    * Fee subject to change. Pricing not valid for onsite or custom programs.
    Please review our Professional Programs Payment and Cancellation Policy.

    Unique Feature

    This short course emphasizes the delivery of concepts and examples that have been successfully implemented in laboratories and/or on prototype vehicles. The audience will be provided with case studies and examples derived from research-grade simulations that have been used and validated experimentally.

    Unlike other courses on HEV, this course extends the scope beyond regular passenger vehicles through the inclusion of topics which show the benefits of hybridization in various possible arenas of vehicular applications in general. It also tries to provide a scientific process for management decision-making by removing any subjectivity, in terms of whether hybridization is beneficial or not in a particular situation.