Smart Manufacturing Seminar Series: Ontologies, Knowledge Graphs, and Semantic AI in Smart Manufacturing

Friday, February 18, 2022

11 a.m.-12 p.m.

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Dr. Farhad Ameri
Professor, Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, Texas State University and Director of the Engineering Informatics (INFONEER) Research Group

Abstract

The main promise of the Industry 4.0 paradigm is to provide an ecosystem of smart, interoperable, and connected software and hardware systems that can collectively enable autonomous design-to-fabrication. The key features of the factories of the future that are shaped based on the industry 4.0 roadmap include flexible automation, real-time connectivity, and decentralized decision making. To achieve such vision, there is a need for integration of disparate data repositories and formalization of knowledge models so that heterogeneous, yet relevant, systems can communicate, interpret, and act on information meaningfully and accurately. To date, information integration and soft automation are still costly, time-consuming, and fragile due to the lack of interoperability. This talk provides an overview of formal ontologies and semantic knowledge graphs and their role in enabling semantic interoperability, distributed intelligence, and cognitive assistance in engineering design and manufacturing systems. A new international initiative, called Industrial Ontologies Foundry (IOF), that is intended to foster the development and reuse of ontologies in the manufacturing domain, will be introduced. Also, the role of top-level ontologies, such as Basic Formal Ontology (BFO), in promoting ontology reuse and alignment of data across heterogeneous applications will be discussed. The talk will conclude with a discussion of two use cases related to implementing semantic models in manufacturing supply chain and industrial maintenance domains.

Speaker Bio

Farhad Ameri is a Professor of Manufacturing Engineering and Technology at Texas State University and the Director of the Engineering Informatics (INFONEER) Research Group. His research interests include Knowledge-based Engineering (KBE) in design and manufacturing applications, Ontology Engineering, and Design Theory and Methodology. Dr. Ameri is an alumnus of the University of Michigan’s Integrative Systems + Design (formerly Interpro) Division and received his doctorate degree in Manufacturing Engineering in 2006. He holds BS and MS degrees in Industrial and Systems Engineering. He is one of the founding members of the Industrial Ontology Foundry (IOF) and a member of ASME and IFIP WG 5.7 Advances in Production Management systems (APMS). Dr. Ameri’s research has been funded by federal agencies such as NSF, NIST, Digital Manufacturing Institute (MxD) , AFRL, and multiple industrial sponsors.

Co-organized by:

Dr. Judy Jin, Program Director, ISD Manufacturing; Professor IOE
Dr. Miki Banu, ISD Associate Chair of Doctoral Education and Research

Click here for the Zoom link